News: Sher Bahadur Deuba has taken oath as the new Prime Minister of the Himalayan nation of Nepal. Deuba had served as Nepal’s PM four times (1995-1997, 2001-2002, 2004-2005, and 2017-2018) in the past and recently he has taken oath for the fifth time. Unlike K P Oli, Deuba speaks in support of India and is not totally swayed away by the Chinese influence. This is good news for India because, since KP Oli’s time, India has witnessed a strained relationship with Nepal. Read News Here
Background of how Deuba became the PM of Nepal is not relevant to your UPSC preparation. But if you would like to know then visit this site. If you want to know in simple terms then read further: what happened is that there were two major parties in Nepal 1.KP Oli’s Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML) and 2. Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist Centre (CPN-Maoist Centre) led by Prachanda. These two leaders decided to have an alliance and contest the election. As they both were heavyweights, their alliance won the election and an agreement was reached that for the first 2 and 1/2 years KP Oli will remain the PM and the next Prachanda. In the meantime, KP Oli became the people’s PM, took many populous decisions but eventually swayed away and started taking autocratic decisions thus reducing his popularity among the Nepalese. Later on, when his term of 2 and 1/2 years came to an end Oli refused to vacate office and let Prachanda govern. This anguished Prachand and his followers and Prachand took away his support from the alliance. Just then Oli announced dissolving the Parliament and having re-elections but this move was challenged in the Supreme court of Nepal which overruled the dissolving of the Parliament and ordered its reinstatement and do a vote of confidence. In this vote of confidence, Oli lost and thus this gave the way for the Supreme court to Order Nepal’s President Bidya Devi Bhandari in appointing the Nepali Congress chief as the new PM of Nepal. Read more on International relations.(APEC)
For UPSC mains:
Questions can be asked in Mains related to India’s relationship with its neighbours.
- How is India faring with its relationship with her neighbours?
- What measures is India taking to strengthen its hold in the neighbouring countries amidst the growing chinese popularity in these states?
- Cite the challenges and the possible solutions in BIMSTEC , SAARC.
- India has ‘Beti-Roti’ relations with Nepal. What are the factors for the turbulance in these relations .How can they be improved?
More on this website for your UPSC Preparation:
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS: https://currentaffairsupsc.in/international-relations/
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: https://currentaffairsupsc.in/science-technology/
ENVIRONMENT & ECO.: https://currentaffairsupsc.in/environment-ecology-and-biodiversity/